Biofuels for Road Transport: A Seed to Wheel Perspective provides a review of the history, the current status and perspectives for biofuels used in road transport, across the full seed-to-wheel life cycle of these fuels. Successive chapters cover the history of biofuels; the first- and second-generation liquid fuels and biofuels for powering electric vehicles; fossil fuel replacement, land requirement, greenhouse gas balances and environmental burdens of ethanol, esters derived from fatty acids ( biodiesel ), Fischer-Tropsch diesel and HTU diesel; competing technologies (fossil fuels, increases in energy-efficiency and photovoltaic power) and how they compare to biofuels; and the perspectives for biofuels. Cost, availability, technological development, competition with biomass for food and for soil organic carbon and environmental perspectives are also discussed.
Biofuels for Road Transport: A Seed to Wheel Perspective is a valuable reference for professional engineers, researchers and postgraduate students involved in biofuels, renewable energy (including bioenergy) and the automotive industry."
Dual-Fuel Diesel Engines offers a detailed discussion of different types of dual-fuel diesel engines, the gaseous fuels they can use, and their operational practices. Reflecting cutting-edge advancements in this rapidly expanding field, this timely book:
Dual-Fuel Diesel Engines covers a variety of engine sizes and areas of application, with an emphasis on the transportation sector. The book provides a state-of-the-art reference for engineering students, practicing engineers, and scientists alike.
By some estimates, at current usage fossil fuels could be exhausted around the year 2040. This has led to an increasing trend toward the use of renewable raw materials for the production of various products. Cereal straws, which consist of three different polymer entities, can supply renewable biomass that can be used in producing raw materials for the pulp and paper industry, transport fuels and chemical feedstock. This book describes the recent development of techniques for fractionation and conversion of cereal straws as environmental-friendly materials for industries. At the same time it is a comprehensive survey of straw chemistry. The first section describes the fundamentals of straw structure, its analysis and components. The second covers the extractives, which include isolation and structural characterization. The third focus on hemicelluloses. Novel and environmentally friendly isolation and modification methods and the large-scale procedure of purification are covered. The fourth section covers the occurrence, structure, and chemical modification of cellulose from various straws. The fifth section deals with straw lignins, including their occurrence, structure and constitution, isolation and heterogeneity, and physico-chemical properties. The final section is concerned with utilization of straw and straw components after chemical modification. 1. This is the first book on straw chemistry, providing the basics of straw composition and the structure of the cell walls 2. Provides the procedures to fractionate the straw components in order to produce chemical derivatives from straw cellulose, hemicelluloses, and lignin. 3. Elucidates the new techniques for the production of biodegradable materials for the pulp and paper industries, the energy sector and chemical industry. This is the first book on straw chemistry, providing the basics of straw composition and the structure of its cell wallsProvides the procedures to fractionate the straw components in order to produce chemical derivatives from straw cellulose, hemicelluloses, and lignin.Elucidates the new techniques for the production of biodegradable materials for the pulp and paper industries, the energy sector and chemical industry.
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